Pelleting Equipment – Hammer Mills, Binding and Materials

BY James Wang

Most people tend to believe that the only pelleting equipment that they will need is the pellet mill. Keep in mind that this is only suitable for making homemade pellets. If you want to be a supplier and be successful in this business then it is definitely not going to be enough. This brings in some important facts that so many tend to forget. We are going to talk about hammer mills, bindings and materials that are going to be used. This is due to the fact that there are different really important factors that you will have to be aware of at all times.

Pelleting Equipment – Hammer Mills

So many people invest in different pieces of equipment and then end up realizing that they have material that does not fit into the pellet mill. This is something that is usually true since most of the material that you will put your hands on will be bigger. We can only find sawdust to be suitable for you in the event that you do not have hammer mills.

A hammer mill is a really powerful device that will basically pulverize timber into smaller sizes that are completely pelletable. Such a mill is made out of a rotating axle that uses metal hammers in order to make the cuts. The axle will slide and turn. Hammers are going to hit the raw wood. Different mesh screens can be equipped so we have different finished sizes falling through an equipped collection drum.

Pelleting Equipment – Binding and Materials

There are two really important factors to consider with materials: binding and moisture content. The wood pulp moisture content is basically crucial during the entire process. The water content that is ideal is anywhere from 8 to 14 percent. Large scale pelleting equipment will have different possible dispensers that will add moisture as steam to material in the event that it is needed. Sometimes we are going to also have to add binding agents for pellet mill although this is quite rare when dealing with wood. This is due to the fact that wood contains lignin, which is a very good binder. However, when using other materials, a binder is also going to be added by the dispenser. If the moisture content is already too high, a dryer will be utilized to make sure that it reaches suitable amounts.

wood pellets

Wood pellet equipment will most likely produce enough heat so that lignin can act like glue, plasticize and hot all pellet pieces together. Keep in mind that a small pellet mil machine that cannot raise temperature so that lignin melts will require extra binder.

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